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The faculty of the Marine Mammal Institute have been very productive. In 2006, we had two new faculty join the group as principal investigators - Markus Horning and C. Scott Baker. Investigator names associated with the Marine Mammal Institute are indicated in this publication list in bold. A complete listing of each lab's publications can be found on their respective lab pages.
Baker, C.S., Steel, D., Choi, Y., Lee, H., Kim, K.S., Choi, S.-K., Ma, Y.-u., Hambleton, C., Psihoyos, L., Brownell, R.L., Funahashi, N. (2010). Genetic evidence of illegal trade in protected whales links Japan with the U.S. and South Korea. Biology Letters doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2010.0239.
Pimper, L., Baker, C.S., Goodall, R., Olavarría, C., Remis, M. (2010). Mitochondrial DNA variation and population structure of Commerson’s dolphins (Cephalorhynchus commersonii) in their southernmost distribution. Conservation Genetics, in press.
Baker, C.S., Chilvers, B.L., Constantine, R., DuFresne, S., Mattlin, R.H., van Helden, A., Hitchmough, R. (2010). Conservation status of New Zealand marine mammals (suborders Cetacea and Pinnipedia), 2009. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 44:101-115.
Tallmon, D.A., Gregovich, D., Waples, R., Baker, C.S., Jackson, J., Taylor, B., Archer, E., Martien, KK. and Schwartz, M. K. (2010). When are genetic methods useful for estimating contemporary abundance and detecting population trends?’ Molecular Ecology Resources: 10:684-692. doi 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2010.02831.x
Ruegg, K. C., Anderson, E. C., Baker, C. S., Vant, M., Jackson, J. A. and Palumbi, S. R. (2010) Are Antarctic minke whales unusually abundant because of 20th century whaling? Molecular Ecology 19: 281-291.
Endo, T., Hisamichi, Y., Kimura, O., Haraguchi, K., Lavery, S., Dalebout, M.L., Funahashi, N., Baker, C.S. (2010). Stable Isotope Ratios of Carbon and Nitrogen, and Mercury Concentrations in Thirteen Toothed Whale Species Taken from the Western Pacific Ocean off Japan. Environmental Science & Technology 44, 2675-2681.
Laikre, L., Allendorf, F.W., Laurel , A., Baker, C.S., Gregovich, D.P., Hansen, M.M., Jackson, J.A., Kendall, K.C., McKelvey, K., Neel, M.C., Olivieri, I., Ryman, N., Schwartz, M.K., Bull, R.S., Stetz, J.B., Tallmon, D.A., Taylor, B.L., Vojta, C.D., Waller, D.M., Waples, R.S. (2010). Neglect of Genetic Diversity in Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Conservation Biology 24, 86-88.
Hindle, A.G. and M. Horning (2010). Energetics of breath-hold hunting: modeling the effects of aging on foraging success in the Weddell seal. Journal of Theoretical Biology 264:673-682.
Mellish, J.E., P.A. Tuomi, A.G. Hindle, S. Jang and M. Horning (2010). Skin microbial flora and effectiveness of aseptic technique for deep muscle biopsies in Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 46(2): 655-658
Hindle, A.G., J.M. Lawler, K.L. Campbell and M. Horning (2010). Muscle aging and oxidative stress in wild-caught shrews. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B. 155: 427-434.
Mellish, J.E., A.G. Hindle, and M. Horning (2010) A preliminary assessment of the impact of disturbance and handling on Weddell seals of McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Antarctic Science 22(1): 25-29.
Mellish, J.E., P.A. Tuomi, A.G. Hindle and M.Horning (2010). Chemical immobilization of Weddell seals (Leptonychotes weddellii) by ketamine midazolam combination. Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia 37: 123-131. doi:10.1111/j.1467-2995.2009.0051.x
Bailey, H., B. R. Mate, D. M. Palacios, L. Irvine, S. J. Bograd, and D. P. Costa (2010). Behavioural estimation of blue whale movements in the Northeast Pacific from state-space model analysis of satellite tracks. Endangered Species Research 10:93-106.
Berman-Kowalewski, M., F. Gulland, S. Wilkin, J. Calambokidis, B. R. Mate, J. Cordaro, D. Rotstein, J. St. Leger, P. Collins, K. Fahy, S. Dover. (2010). Association between blue whale mortality and ship strikes along the California coast. Aquatic Mammals 36(1):59-66
Jackson, J.A., Baker, C.S., Vant, M., Steel, D.S., Medrano-González, L., and Palumbi, S.R. (2009). Big and Slow: Phylogenetic estimates of molecular evolution in baleen whales (Suborder Mysticeti). Molecular Biology and Evolution, 26:2427–2440.
Oremus, M., Gales, R., Dalebout, M.L., Funahashi, N., Endo, T., Kage, T., Steel, D., Baker, C.S. (2009). Worldwide mtDNA diversity and phylogeography of pilot whales (Globicephala spp.). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 98, 729–744.
Lukoschek, V., Funahashi, N., Lavery, S., Dalebout, M.L., Cipriano, F., Baker, C.S. (2009). High proportion of protected minke whales sold on Japanese markets due to Illegal, Unreported or Unregulated exploitation. Animal Conservation 12, 385-395.
Anthony J. R, H., Shane D, L., Hannan, D.A., Baker, C.S., Clements, K.D. (2009). New Zealand triplefin fishes (family Tripterygiidae): contrasting population structure and mtDNA diversity within a marine species flock. Molecular Ecology 18, 680-696.
Clapham, P., Mikhalev, Y., Franklin, W., Paton, D., Baker, C.S., Ivashchenko, Y.V., Brownell Jr, R.L. (2009). Catches of Humpback Whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, by the Soviet Union and Other Nations in the Southern Ocean, 1947–1973. Marine Fisheries Review 71: 39-43.
Tezanos-Pinto, G., C.S. Baker, K. Russell, K. Martien, R.W. Baird, A. Hutt, G. Stone, A.A. Mignucci-Giannoni, S. Caballero, T. Endo, S. Lavery, M. Oremus, C. OlavarrÍa and C. Garrigue. (2009). A worldwide perspective on the population structure and genetic diversity of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in New Zealand. Journal of Heredity 100: 11–24.
Horning, M. and J.E. Mellish (2009). Spatially explicit detection of predation on individual pinnipeds from implanted post-mortem satellite data transmitters. Endangered Species Research, 10:135-143. [pdf]
Hindle, J., Hindle, A.G., Lawler, J., Campbell, K. and Horning, M. (2009) Muscle senescence in short-lived wild mammals, the soricine shrews Blarina brevicauda and Sorex palustris. Journal of Experimental Zoology, 311A:358-367.
Hindle, A.G., Horning, M., Mellish, J.E. and Lawler, J.M. (2009). Diving into old age: muscular senescence in a large-bodied, long-lived marine mammal, the Weddell seal (Leptonychotes weddellii). Journal of Experimental Biology. 212: 790-796.
Walker, K.A., Horning, M., Mellish, J.E., and Weary, D.M. (2009). Behavioural responses of juvenile Steller sea lions to abdominal surgery: Developing an assessment of post-operative pain. Applied Animal Behavior Science 120:201-207.
Schick, R.S., P.N. Halpin, A.J. Read, C.S. Slay, S.D. Kraus, B.R. Mate, M.F. Baumgartner, J.J. Roberts, C.P. Good, B.D. Best, S.R. Loarie, and J.S. Clark (2009). Striking the right balance in right whale conservation. Can. J. Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 66:1399-1403.
Lord-Castillo, B.K., Wright, D.J., Mate, B.R., and Follett, T. (2009). A customization of the Arc Marine data model to support whaletracking via satellite telemetry. Transactions in GIS 13(s1): 63-83.
Cotte, C., C. Guinet, I. Taupier-Letage, B. Mate, E. Petiau. 2009. Scale-dependent habitat use by a large free-ranging predator, the Mediterranean fin whale. Deep Sea Research I. 56:801-811.
Mate, B.R. 2008. Technical instrumentation issues related to the design and execution of a controlled-exposure experiment for larger cetaceans to assess possible behavioural responses and potential impacts. Bioacoustics, 17:334-336. Special issue: International Conference on the Effects of Noise on aquatic Life, Nyborg, Denmark, Aug. 13-17, 2007.
Baker, C.S., 2008. A truer measure of the market: the molecular ecology of fisheries and wildlife trade. Molecular Ecology. 17:3985-3998.
Dalebout, M.L., D. Steel, and C.S. Baker, 2008. Phylogeny of the beaked whale genus Mesoplodon (Ziphiidae: Cetacea) revealed by nuclear introns: implications for the evolution of male tusks. Systematic Biology. 57:857-875.
Horning, M., M. Haulena, P.A. Tuomi and J.E. Mellish. 2008. Intraperitoneal implantation of life-long telemetry transmitters in otariids. BMC Veterinary Research. 2008; 4: 51. [pdf]
Benoit-Bird, K.J., W. F. Gilly, W.W.L. Au, and B. Mate, 2008. Controlled and in situ target strengths of the jumbo squid Docidicus gigas and identification of potential acoustic scattering sources. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123:1318-1328.
Lagerquist, B.A., B.R. Mate, J.G. Ortega-Ortiz, M. Winsor and J. Urban-Ramirez. 2008. Migratory movements and surfacing rates of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) satellite tagged at Socorro Island, Mexico. Marine Mammal Science 24:815-830.
Petrauskas, L., S. Atkinson, F. Gulland, J. Mellish and M. Horning. 2008. Monitoring glucocorticoid response to rehabilitation and research procedures in California and Steller sea lions. Journal of Experimental Zoology. 309A: 73-82.
Thomton, J.D., J.E. Mellish, D.R. Hennen and M. Horning. 2008. Juvenile Steller sea lion foraging behavior following temporary captivity. Endangered Species Research. 4: 195-203.
Baker, C.S., J. Cooke, S. Lavery, M.L. Dalebout, Y.-U. Ma, N.Funahashi, C. Carraher and R.L. Brownell Jr. 2007. Estimating thenumber of whales entering trade using DNA profiling andcapture-recapture analysis of market products. Molecular Ecology. 13:2617-2626.
Caballero, S., F.Trujillo, J.A. Vianna, H. Barrios-Garrido, M.G. Montiel, S. Beltran-Pedreros, M. Marmontel, M.C. Santos, M. Rossi-Santos, F.R. Santos and C.S. Baker. 2007 Taxonomic status of the genus Sotalia: species level ranking for "Tucuxi" (Sotalia fluviatilis) and "Costero" (Sotalia guianensis) dolphins. Marine Mammal Science. 23: 358-386.
Dalebout, M.L, C.S. Baker, D. Steel,K.M. Robertson, S.J. Chivers, W.F. Perrin, J.G. Mead, R.V. Grace, andT.D. Schofield. 2007. A divergent mtDNA lineage among Mesoplodon beakedwhales: Molecular evidence for a new species in the tropical pacific? Marine Mammal Science. 23:954-966.
Jackson, J., N. Patenaude, E. Carroll and C.S. Baker. 2007. How few whales were there after whaling? Inference from contemporary mtDNA diversity. Molecular Ecology. 17:236-251.
Mate, B., R. Mesecar and B. Lagerquist. 2007. The evolution of satellite-monitored radio tags for large whales: One laboratory's experience. Deep-Sea Research II. 54: 224-247.
Best, P.B., and Mate, B.R. 2007. Sighting history and observations of southern right whales following satellite tagging off South Africa. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 9(2): 111-114.
Mellish, J., D. Hennen, J. Thomton, L. Petrauskas, S. Atkinson and D. Calkins. 2007. Permanent marking in an endangered species: physiological response to hot branding in Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Wildlife Research. 34: 43-47.
Mellish, J.E., M. Horning and A.E. York. 2007. Seasonal and spatial blubber depth changes in captive harbor seals (Phoca Vitulina) and Steller's sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Journal of Mammalogy. 88(2): 408-414.
Mellish J.E, J. Thomton and M. Horning, 2007. Physiological and behavioral response to intra-abdominal transmitter implantation in Steller sea lions. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 351: 283-293.
Olavarria, C., C.S. Baker, C. Garrigue, M. Poole, N. Hauser, S. Caballero, L. Florez-Gonzalez, M. Brasseur, J. Bannister, J. Capella, P. Clapham, R. Dodemont, M. Donoghue, C. Jenner, M.N. Jenner, D. Moro, M. Oremou, D. Paton, H. Rosenbaum and K. Russell. 2007. Population structure of South Pacific humpback whales and the origin of the eastern Polynesian breeding grounds. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 330: 257-268.
Oremus, M., M.M. Poole, D. Steel and C.S. Baker.2007. Isolation and interchange among insular spinner dolphincommunities in the South Pacific revealed by individual identificationand genetic diversity. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 336:275-289.
Patenaude, N, V. Portway, C. Schaeff, J. Bannister, P. Best, R. Payne, V. Rowntree, M. Rivarola and C.S. Baker. 2007. Mitochondrial DNA diversity and population structure among southern right whales (Eubalaena australis). Journal of Heredity 98:147-157.
Plankis, B.J., M. Horning, N. Ponto and L. Brown. 2007. Designing a dependable and fault tolerant semi-autonomous distributed control data collection network with opportunistic hierarchy. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering. 32: 400-407.
Waite, J.N., W.J. Schrader, J.E. Mellish and M. Horning. 2007. Three-dimensional photogrammetry as a tool for estimating morphometrics and body mass of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Canadian Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences. 64: 296-303.
Baker, C.S., V. Lukoschek, S. Lavery, M.L. Dalebout, M. Yong-Un, T. Endo and N. Funahashi. 2006. Incomplete reporting of whale, dolphin and porpoise 'bycatch' revealed by molecular monitoring of Korean markets. Animal Conservation. 9: 474-482.
Cornick, L. A., S.D. Inglis, K. Willis and M. Horning, 2006. Effects of increased swimming costs on foraging behavior and efficiency of captive Steller sea lions: evidence for behavioral plasticity in the recovery phase of dives. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 333: 306-314.
Etnoyer, P., D. Canny, B. Mate, L. Morgan, J. Ortega-Otiz and W. Nichols. 2006. Sea-surface temperature gradients across blue whale and sea turtle foraging trajectories off the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico. Deep-Sea Research II. 43: 340-358.
Mellish, J.E., D.G. Calkins, D.R. Christen, M. Horning, L.D. Rea and S.K. Atkinson. 2006. Temporary captivity as a research tool: Comprehensive study of wild pinnipeds under controlled conditions. Aquatic Mammals. 32: 58-65.
Petrauskas, L.R. and S.K. Atkinson. 2006. Variation of fecal corticosterone concentrations in captive Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in relation to season and behavior. Aquatic Mammals. 32: 168-174.
Petrauskas, L., P. Tuomi and S. Atkinson. 2006. Noninvasive monitoring of stress hormone levels in a female Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) pup undergoing rehabilitation. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. 37(1): 75-78.
Baumgartner, M.F. and B.R. Mate. 2005. Summer and fall habitat of North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) inferred from satellite telemetry. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science. 62: 527-543.
Mate, B.R., P. Duley, B.A. Lagerquist, F. Wenzel, A. Stimpert and P. Clapham. 2005. Observations of a female North Atlantic right whale (Eubalaena glacialis) in simultaneous copulation with two males: supporting evidence for sperm competition. Aquatic Mammals. 31: 157-160.
Mate, B.R., B.A. Lagerquist, M. Winsor, J. Geraci and J.H. Prescott. 2005. Movements and dive habits of a satellite-monitored longfinned pilot whale (Globicephala melas) in the Northwest Atlantic. Marine Mammal Science. 21: 136-144.
Etnoyer, P., D. Canny, B. Mate and L. Morgan. 2004. Persistent pelagic habitats in the Baja California to Bering Sea (B2B) Ecoregion. Oceanography. 17: 90-102.
Palacios, D.M. 2004. Seasonal patterns of sea-surface temperature and ocean color around the Galápagos: regional and local influences. Deep-Sea Research II. 51: 43-57.
Urban-Ramirez, J., V. Flores De Sahagun, M.L. Jones, S.L. Swartz, B. Mate, A. Gomez-Gallardo and M. Guerrero-Ruiz. 2004. Gray whales with loss of flukes adapt and survive. Marine Mammal Science. 20: 335-338.
Baumgartner, M.F. 2003. Comparisons of Calanus finmarchius fifth copepodite abundance estimates from nets and an optical plankton counter. Journal of Plankton Research. 25:855-868.
Baumgartner, M.F., T.V.N. Cole, R.G. Campbell, G.J. Teegarden and E.G. Durbin. 2003. Associations between North Atlantic right whales and their prey, Calanus finmarchius, over diel and tidal time scales. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 264: 155-166.
Baumgartner, M.F., T.V.N. Cole, P. Clapham and B.R. Mate. 2003. North Atlantic right whale habitat in the lower Bay of Fundy and on the SW Scotian Shelf during 1999-2001. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 264: 137-154.
Baumgartner, M.F. and B.R. Mate. 2003. Summertime foraging ecology of North Atlantic right whales. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 264: 123-135.
Mate, B.R., B.A. Lagerquist and J. Urban-Ramirez. 2003. A note on using satellite telemetry to document the use of San Ignacio Lagoon by gray whales (Eschrichtius robustus) during their reproductive season. Journal of Cetacean Resource Management. 5: 149-154.
Mate, B.R. and J. Urban-Ramirez. 2003. A note on the route and speed of a gray whale on its northern migration from Mexico to central California, tracked by satellite-monitored radio tag. Journal of Cetacean Resource Management. 5: 155-157.
Durbin, E., G. Teegarden, R. Campbell, A. Cembella, M.F. Baumgartner and B.R. Mate. 2002. North Atlantic right whales, Eubalaena glacialis, exposed to paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP) toxins via a zooplankton vector, Calanus finmarchius. Harmful Algae. 1: 243-251.
Palacios, D.M. 2002. Factors influencing the island-mass effect of the Galápagos Islands. Geophysical Research Letters. 29: 2134.
Krutzikowsky, G.K. and B.R. Mate. 2000. Dive and surfacing characteristics of bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) in the Beaufort and Chukchi seas. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 78: 1182-1198. Abstract
Lagerquist, B.A., K.M. Stafford and B.R. Mate. 2000. Dive characteristics of satellite-monitored blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus) off the Central California Coast. Marine Mammal Science. 16: 375-391. Abstract, Complete
Le Boeuf, B.J., H. Perez-Cortez M., J. Urban R., B.R. Mate and F. Ollervides U. 2000. High gray whale mortality and low recruitment in 1999: potential causes and implications. Journal of Cetacean Resource Management. 2: 85-99. Complete
Mate, B.R., G.K. Krutzikowsky and M.H. Winsor. 2000. Satellite-monitored movements of radio-tagged bowhead whales in the Beaufort and Chukchi seas during the late-summer feeding season and fall migration. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 78: 1168-1181.
Fraker, M.A. and B.R. Mate. 1999. Seals, sea lions, and salmon in the Pacific Northwest. In: Conservation and Management of Marine Mammals, John R. Twiss, Jr. and Randall R. Reeves, eds. Smithsonian Institution Press. pp. 156-178.
Mate, B.R., B.A. Lagerquist and J. Calambokidis. 1999. The movements of North Pacific blue whales off Southern California and their southern fall migration. Marine Mammal Science. 15: 1246-1257.
Rossbach, K.A. 1999. Cooperative feeding among bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) near Grand Bahama Island, Bahamas. Aquatic Mammals. 25: 163-167.
Rossbach, K.A. and D.L. Herzing. 1999. Inshore and offshore bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) communities distinguished by association patterns near Grand Bahama Island, Bahamas. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 77: 581-592.
Stafford, K.M., S.L. Nieukirk and C.G. Fox. 1999. An acoustic link between blue whales in the Eastern Tropical Pacific and the Northeast Pacific. Marine Mammal Science. 15: 1258-1268.
Stafford, K.M., S.L. Nieukirk and C.G. Fox. 1999. Low frequency whale sounds recorded on hydrophones moored in the Eastern Tropical Pacific. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 106: 3687-3698.
Beavers, S.C. and F.L. Ramsey. 1998. Detectability analysis in transect surveys. Journal of Wildlife Management. 62: 948-957.
Fiedler, P., S. Reilly, R. Hewitt, D. Demer, V. Philbrick, S. Smith, W. Armstrong, D. Croll, B. Tershey and B. Mate. 1998. Blue whale habitat and prey in the Channel Islands. Deep-Sea Research II. 45: 1781-1801.
Mate, B.R., R. Gisiner and J. Mobley. 1998. Local and migratory movements of Hawaiian humpback whales tracked by satellite telemetry. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 76: 863-868.
Stafford, K.M., C.G. Fox and D.S. Clark. 1998. Long-range detection and localization of blue whale calls in the northeast Pacific using military hydrophone arrays. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. 104: 3616-3625.
Mate, B.R., S.L. Nieukirk and S.D. Kraus. 1997. Satellite-monitored movements of the northern right whale. Journal of Wildlife Management. 61: 1393-1405.
Rossbach, K. and D. Herzing. 1996. Underwater observations of benthic-feeding bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) near Grand Bahama Island, Bahamas. Marine Mammal Science, 13: 498-504.
Mate, B.R. and G.K. Krutzikowsky. 1995. Application of remote methods of large cetacean tracking: bowhead whales. Final Report, OCS Study, Minerals Management Service, 95-0053, Contract No. 14-12-0001-30411, 169 pp.
Mate, B.R., K.A. Rossbach, S.L. Nieukirk, R.S. Wells, A.B. Irvine, M.D. Scott and A.J. Read. 1995. Satellite-monitored movements and dive behavior of a bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) in Tampa Bay, Florida. Marine Mammal Science. 11: 452-463.
Mate, B.R., K.M. Stafford, R. Nawojchik and J.L. Dunn. 1994. Movements and dive behavior of a satellite-monitored Atlantic white-sided dolphin (Lagenorhynchus acutus) in the Gulf of Maine. Marine Mammal Science. 10: 116-121.
Scott, M.D., R.S. Wells, A.B. Irvine and B.R. Mate. 1990. Tagging and marking studies on small cetaceans. In: The Bottlenose Dolphin, R. R. Reeves and S. Leatherwood (eds.), Academic Press, pp. 489-514.
Mate, B.R. 1989. Satellite-monitored radio tracking as a method for studying cetacean movements and behaviour. Report of the International Whaling Commission. 39: 389-391.
Mate, B.R. 1989. Watching habits and habitats from Earth satellites. Oceanus. 32: 14-18.
Mate, B.R. and D.P. DeMaster. 1986. California sea lion. In: Marine Mammals, 2nd Ed. D. Haley (ed.), Pacific Search Press, Seattle, pp. 196-201.
Harvey, J.T. and B.R. Mate. 1984. Dive characteristics and movements of radio-tagged gray whales in San Ignacio Lagoon, Baja California Sur, Mexico. In: The Gray Whale M.L. Jones, S. Swartz and S. Leatherwood (eds.), Academic Press, pp. 561-575.
Herzing, D. L. and B.R. Mate. 1984. Gray whale migrations along the Oregon coast, 1978-1981. In: The Gray Whale, M. L. Jones, S. Swartz and S. Leatherwood (eds.), Academic Press, pp. 289-307.
Mate, B.R. and J.T. Harvey. 1984. Ocean movements of radio tagged gray whales. In: The Gray Whale, M.L. Jones, S. Swartz and S. Leatherwood (eds.), Academic Press, pp. 577-589.
Maser, C., B. Mate, J. Franklin and C. Dyrness. 1981. Mammals of the Oregon Coast. U.S. Forest Service, 592 pp. (Section 4: Marine Mammals, pp. 372-457).
Mate, B. 1979. California Sea Lion. In: Mammals in the Sea, FAO Fish Ser. 5(2): 5-8.
Mate, B. and R. L. Gentry. 1979. Northern (Steller) Sea Lion, In: Mammals in the Sea, FAO Fish Ser. 5(2): 1-4.
Mate, B.R. 1972. California Sea Lion. In: Seals, Sea Lions, Walruses in Eastern North Pacific and Arctic Waters, A. Seed (ed.), Pacific Search Press, Seattle, WA, pp. 12-17.